You all must have heard of THC and CBD, the two major cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Both these cannabinoids are very popular as they are used for a variety of medicinal and therapeutic purposes.THC, on the one hand, is always in limelight due to its psychoactive nature whereas CBD is being loved by people as it is completely non-psychoactive i.e., will not make you high. But the list of cannabinoids found in the cannabis does not end on these two cannabinoids only. In fact, there are more than a 100 cannabinoids found in the same plant. Among these, there are five major cannabinoids which have been researched for their various benefits.
In this article, we will learn about these five cannabinoids and their properties.

Types Of Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis plant. More than 500 natural components are found in the cannabis plant. Among these, more than 100 have been classified as phytocannabinoids. Today we will explain the major six cannabinoids and how they are beneficial to us.

1. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

The most common and highly researched cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant is THC. This cannabinoid is found in abundance in marijuana plant and is the most psychoactive one.

This cannabinoid has intoxicating effect when consumed and if found in large quantities in the marijuana plant. When Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid is heated, it gets converted into Delta-9 THC which is said to produce a high while consuming marijuana. When THC is consumed, it binds well with the CB1 receptors found in the ECS of our brain. This results in a feeling of high or getting stoned.

Benefits and Effects

THC has been researched extensively for its variety of health benefits. These include treating inflammation, chronic pain, relieving from muscle spasms, anxiety, nausea, glaucoma, and insomnia.
Some major side effects of THC are increased heart rate, dry mouth, red eyes, slowed reaction time and memory loss.

2. Cannabidiol- CBD

CBD or Cannabidiol is another common cannabinoid known for its potential in treating various health issues. This cannabinoid extracted from hemp plant is non-psychoactive in nature meaning it will not make you high when consumed.
The Hemp plant contains less than 0.3% of THC and this not enough to make one high.
CBD is said to bind with many receptors found in the Endocannabinoid System of our body and provide relief in various health issues. Moreover, it acts as an antagonist and counters the high effect produced by THC in the brain.

Benefits and Effects

CBD is a very incredible cannabinoid and has following benefits. These are:

Alleviating chronic pain

Relief from Anxiety

Controls the frequency of epileptic seizures
Reduces Mood Swings
Reduces Inflammation
Aids Sleep
Fights Depression
Relieves From Mental Disorders
Reduces Migraines

CBD is said to have no side effects even in large doses. It is a well-tolerated remedy the side effects of any usually occur as a result of drug-to-drug interactions.

3. Cannabinol-CBN

This is one of three most important cannabinoids recognized by the Italian Analysts as being strong against antimicrobial safe MRSA disease.
CBN is produced from oxidized THC. When THC is exposed to light and air over time, it degrades and forms CBN.
CBN is considered as the most sedative cannabinoid of all. Therefore it is very effective in treating insomnia.

Benefits and Effects

Relieves from pain
Boosts your appetite
Aids Sleep
Powerful Anti-Inflammatory
Promotes Healing of bone cells
Effective in reducing Lung tumor.

4. Cannabigerol- CBG

CBG is considered as a minor cannabinoid as it is found in low quantities in the cannabis plant. This cannabinoid is being researched and gaining huge attention for its various benefits.
This cannabinoid was found in 1964 with other cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. After the establishment of its 3D structure, scientists could learn more and how it reacts with other cannabinoids. It is also non-psychoactive cannabinoid and is found in lesser concentrations.

Benefits and Effects

CBG has been helpful in treating Glaucoma.
It is anti-inflammatory and helps in improving Irritable Bowel Disease and Crohn’s
Has Antibacterial and Antimicrobial properties
Beneficial in treating depression and anxiety

5. Cannabichromene- CBC

CBC was discovered 50 years back but has not been researched on a large scale. This cannabinoid is non-psychoactive as well.
CBC is said to have entourage effects and works well when combined with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.
CBC has no affinity to CB1 receptors but binds with other receptors in our body such as vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1).

Benefits and Effects

Reduces Edema and Inflammation in the intestinal tract
Also reduces inflammation and pain occurring due to collagen-induced osteoarthritis.
A strong inhibitor of Acne
Is also effective on the neural stem progenitor cells (NSPCs) which are important for healthy functioning of the brain.

Final Thoughts

These were five major cannabinoids and what are their various benefits in treating various health issues. All these cannabinoids have certain benefits and if researched properly can bring a revolution in the medicinal industry just like CBD.
We hope you liked this article on various types of cannabinoids. If you have any suggestions for us, please let us know in the comment section below.

Interesting Read: CBD Treating Sports Hernia


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